Bangkok

Bangkok in Asia History The government of Bangkok is entrusted to the minister of the capital, a member of the cabinet. Under this minister are the police, sanitary, harbour master’s and revenue offices. The police force is an efficient and well-organized body of 3000 men headed by a […]

Court Alienage Jurisdiction

Court Alienage Jurisdiction in Asia Alienage Jurisdiction of high National Courts in the Context of Alienage Jurisdiction Alienage Jurisdiction of high National Courts in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the Alienage Jurisdiction of high National Courts Resources See Also Choice of […]

Ankara

Ankara in Asia Ankara History Ancient city that became capital of the new Republic of Turkey in 1923. Following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire at the end of the First World War it became the headquarters of Kemal Ataturk in 1920 when Istanbul was occupied by the Allies

Corporate Affiliations

Corporate Affiliations in Asia Corporate Affiliations in the Context of Corporate Affiliations and Agency Relationships Jurisdiction Based on Corporate Affiliations or Agency Relationships in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the Jurisdiction Based on Corporate Affiliations or Agency […]

International Arbitration

International Arbitration in Asia International Arbitration in the Context of International Arbitration Overview of International Legal Framework for Arbitration in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the Overview of International Legal Framework for Arbitration The New York Convention […]

Exclusivity of the Hague Service Convention

Exclusivity of the Hague Service Convention in Asia Exclusivity of the Hague Service Convention in the Context of Service of Process (Process Serving) Abroad Exclusivity of the Hague Service Convention in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the Exclusivity of the Hague Service […]

Foreign Discovery Systems

Foreign Discovery Systems in Asia Foreign Discovery Systems in the Context of Unilateral Extraterritoriality Foreign Discovery Systems in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the Foreign Discovery Systems Resources See Also Abuse of Process International Judicial Assistance in Civil […]

Foreign Service Application Process

Foreign Service Application Process in Asia Foreign Service Application Process in the Context of International Disputes Service of Process (Process Serving) in Asia on Foreign Persons in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the Service of Process (Process Serving) in Asia on Foreign […]

Legal Identities

Legal Identities in Asia Legal Identities in the Context of Foreign Sovereign Immunities Legislation Separate Legal Identities of Foreign Government Entities and Grounds for Disregarding in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the Separate Legal Identities of Foreign Government Entities […]

Restrictions on Service of Foreign Process

Restrictions on Service of Foreign Process in Asia Restrictions on Service of Foreign Process in the Context of Foreign Legal Systems Restrictions on Service of Foreign Process Within National Territory in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the Restrictions on Service of Foreign […]

Adequate Alternative Forum

Adequate Alternative Forum in Asia Adequate Alternative Forum in the Context of Forum Requirements and Public Policy Restrictions Adequate Alternative Forum Requirement in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the Adequate Alternative Forum Requirement in relation with the Forum Non […]

Unilateral Extraterritoriality

Unilateral Extraterritoriality in Asia Unilateral Extraterritoriality in the Context of Unilateral Extraterritoriality Foreign Reactions to Unilateral Extraterritorial National Discovery in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the Foreign Reactions to Unilateral Extraterritorial National […]

Koster V. Lumbermens Mutual Casualty Co.

Koster V. Lumbermens Mutual Casualty Co. in Asia Koster v. Lumbermens Mutual Casualty Co. in the Context of International Disputes Gulf Oil Co. v. Gilbert and Koster v. Lumbermens Mutual Casualty Co. in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the Gulf Oil Co. v. Gilbert and Koster v. […]

Forum Non Conveniens Dismissals

Forum Non Conveniens Dismissals in Asia Forum Non Conveniens Dismissals in the Context of Adequate Alternative Forum Public Policy as a Basis for Denying Forum Non Conveniens Dismissals in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the Public Policy as a Basis for Denying Forum Non Conveniens […]

Aden

Aden in Asia Aden History Large natural harbour, strategically placed at the entrance to the Gulf. Home to a large oil refinery. A British colony and important staging post on the sea route to India and Australia. A British colony until 1967 when the British left, after fighting the Aden NLF […]

Indian Mutiny

Indian Mutiny in Asia History of Indian Mutiny The following concept of Indian Mutiny may be usefull here: A revolt by Indian troops in the British Army in India. Some historians suggest this was the early stages of the nationalist movement leading to Indian independence.

Service of Legal Documents Abroad

Service of Legal Documents Abroad in Asia Service of Legal Documents Abroad in the Context of International Disputes Service of Process (Process Serving) in Asia on Foreign Persons in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the Service of Process (Process Serving) in Asia on Foreign Persons […]

State Immunity Legislation in the Region

State Immunity Legislation in the Region in Asia Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976 in the Context of International Disputes The Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976: Overview in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the The Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976: Overview in […]

International Disputes

International Disputes in Asia International Disputes in the Context of International Disputes Subject Matter Jurisdiction of National Courts in International Disputes in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the Subject Matter Jurisdiction of National Courts in International Disputes […]

Foreign Service Officer Process

Foreign Service Officer Process in Asia Foreign Service Officer Process in the Context of International Disputes Service of Process (Process Serving) in Asia on Foreign Persons in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the Service of Process (Process Serving) in Asia on Foreign Persons . […]

National Courts

National Courts in Asia National Courts in the Context of National Question Jurisdiction Jurisdiction of high National Courts Under Universal Jurisdiction in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the Jurisdiction of high National Courts Under Universal Jurisdiction in relation to the […]

Law Applicable to Enforceability

Law Applicable to Enforceability in Asia Law Applicable to Enforceability in the Context of Forum Selection Clauses Law Applicable to Enforceability of Forum Selection Agreements in International Civil Litigation Resources See Also International Tort Discovery in International Civil […]

General Jurisdiction Based on Consent

General Jurisdiction Based on Consent in Asia General Jurisdiction Based on Consent in the Context of Courts General Jurisdiction General Jurisdiction Based on Consent or Waiver in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the General Jurisdiction Based on Consent or Waiver in relation to the […]

Service of Foreign Process

Service of Foreign Process in Asia Service of Foreign Process in the Context of Service of Foreign Process Service of Foreign Process in Selected Asian Countries in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the Service of Foreign Process in Selected Asian Countries Resources See Also Choice […]

United East India Company

United East India Company in Asia History of United East India Company The following concept of United East India Company may be usefull here: The Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie (VOC), the Dutch company responsible for trade and colonisation in India, South Africa and the Far East.

Durbar

Durbar in Asia History of Durbar The following concept of Durbar may be usefull here: In India, a royal court or ceremonial assembly. Also, the hall in a palace where public audiences and ceremonial assemblies were held.

Public Policy Restrictions

Public Policy Restrictions in Asia Public Policy Restrictions in the Context of Adequate Alternative Forum The Adequate Alternative Forum Requirement and Public Policy Restrictions in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the Adequate Alternative Forum Requirement and Public Policy […]

Foreign Law

Foreign Law in Asia Foreign Law in the Context of Service of Process (Process Serving) Abroad Service of Process (Process Serving) in Asia Abroad Under Legislative Grants Where Foreign Law Restricts National Service in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the Service of Process (Process […]

Foreign Service Exam Process

Foreign Service Exam Process in Asia Foreign Service Exam Process in the Context of International Disputes Service of Process (Process Serving) in Asia on Foreign Persons in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the Service of Process (Process Serving) in Asia on Foreign Persons . Service […]

Coolie

Coolie in Asia History of Coolie The following concept of Coolie may be usefull here: A word commonly used to refer to cheap or menial labour, often from the Indian subcontinent or China. Its origin is uncertain. It may come from ‘kuli’, the Tamil word for a casual worker. Or from ‘Koullis’ or […]

Syngman Rhee

Syngman Rhee in Asia Syngman Rhee History Controversial first President of South Korea between 1948-1960. Regarded as an anti-Communist strongman, he was backed by the US and led South Korea throughout the Korean War. He resigned in 1960 following popular protests against his disputed 4th […]

Vietnam

Vietnam in Asia Vietnam War History Originated with the partition of the country, formerly French Indo-China along the 17th parallel. From 1960 Communist North Vietnam fought a guerrilla war against the South, forcing the South to rely on American assistance. Between 1965-1973 numbers of […]

Immunity Entities

Immunity Entities in Asia Immunity Entities in the Context of Foreign Entities Immunity Entities Entitled to Immunity Under the FSIA in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the Entities Entitled to Immunity Under the FSIA in relation with the Foreign Sovereign Immunity and Jurisdiction […]

Personal Jurisdiction Based on Alter Ego Status

Personal Jurisdiction Based on Alter Ego Status in Asia Personal Jurisdiction Based on Alter Ego Status in the Context of Corporate Affiliations and Agency Relationships Personal Jurisdiction Based on Alter Ego Status in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the Personal Jurisdiction […]

General Jurisdiction Based on Registration

General Jurisdiction Based on Registration in Asia General Jurisdiction Based on Registration in the Context of Courts General Jurisdiction General Jurisdiction Based on Incorporation or Registration to do Business in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the General Jurisdiction Based on […]

Taking of Evidence Regulation

Taking of Evidence Regulation in Asia Taking of evidence regulation in the Context of International Disputes Extraterritorial Discovery and Taking Evidence Abroad in International Civil Litigation Analysis of the Extraterritorial Discovery and Taking Evidence Abroad . Discovery Pursuant to […]