Table of Contents in the Asian Legal Encyclopedia

Pornography in Asia

Definition of Pornography in Pornography in the Legal Dictionary. See encyclopedic entry about Pornography In the Legal Wiki Encyclopedia: Pornography.

Related Terms

Pornography: noun

  • bawdiness
  • curiosa
  • erotica
  • filth
  • indecency
  • lewdness
  • lubricity
  • obscene art
  • obscene literature
  • obscenity
  • prurience
  • salaciousness
  • salacity
  • smut
  • vulgarity Associated Concepts: censorship
  • First Amendment rights

Browse the Asian Encyclopedia of Law for Pornography

The Asian Encyclopedia of Law is useful as a starting place for research and a tool to gain a general understanding of a particular area of the Asian law. It provides basic coverage of legal issues and it may suggest topics to review. Search Pornography in the following legal systems:

Resource Legal System
Pornography Pornography in the Bangladesh Legal System.
Pornography Pornography in the Chinese Legal System.
Pornography Pornography in the Hong Kong Legal System.
Pornography Pornography in the Indian Legal System.
Pornography Pornography in the Indonesian Legal System.
Pornography Pornography in the Iranian Legal System.
Pornography Pornography in the Israeli Legal System.
Pornography Pornography in the Japanese Legal System.
Pornography Pornography in the Malaysian Legal System.
Pornography Pornography in the Pakistan Legal System.
Pornography Pornography in the Philippine Legal System.
Pornography Pornography in the Singapore Legal System.
Pornography Pornography in the South Korean Legal System.
Pornography Pornography in the Taiwanese Legal System.
Pornography Pornography in the Thai Legal System.
Pornography Pornography in the Turkish Legal System.
Pornography Pornography in the Vietnamese Legal System.

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Pornography in Other Legal Encyclopedias

For researching on a foreign jurisdiction, it is usually best to begin with foreign encyclopedias for a general introduction to the national legal system or to the specific legal subject in question. They summarize unfamiliar legal doctrines and references to materials that might otherwise be difficult to find.

Link Description
Pornography Pornography in the World Legal Wiki Encyclopedia.
Pornography Pornography in the European Legal Wiki Encyclopedia.
Pornography Pornography in the American Legal Wiki Encyclopedia.
Pornography Pornography in the Latin American Legal Wiki Encyclopedia.
Pornography Pornography in the UK Legal Wiki Encyclopedia.
Pornography Pornography in the Australian Legal Wiki Encyclopedia.

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Other References

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URI of Pornography Description The URI of Pornography (more about URIs)

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Related Entries and Entries Mentioning this One: See below:

Pornography and Culture

Introduction to Pornography

The content of pornography is a function of many things, including culture, history, biology, and technology. Over time, pornography has grown more and more sexually explicit as producers have taken advantage of the freedoms that accompanied the spread of democracy. Although sexual desire is instinctual and biological, representations of sex are shaped by cultural factors, such as the nature of the relationship between men and women, ideals of sexuality, symbols of power and attractiveness, the nature of moral values, the extent of individual liberty, and the availability of various forms of technology.

Some pornography is an expression of the sexual fantasies of the mainstream social order, whereas other types of pornography are more “transgressive,” representing unconventional or dissident forms of sexuality. In both cases, the content of pornography is a reflection (positive or negative) of the culture from which it arises. For example, some scholars have pointed out that pornographic portrayals in the United States have emphasized sexual competition and aggression more prominently than do portrayals in less competitive societies. And some cultures, such as Japan, have been more tolerant of child pornography and violence, although Japanese laws have recently attempted to restrict such material.

Legal definitions of pornography are also a function of culture and politics. Although pornography has grown more explicit and has become more available since the early 20th century, this trend has been punctuated by several episodes of governmental crackdowns on pornography that were due to political movements and reactions to unsettling social change. For example, the rise of antismut societies in the United States, Britain, and Canada between the 1890s and 1920s was partly a response to concerns about the breakdown of moral and social order wrought by economic expansion. The Supreme Court of Canada’s decision in 1992 to ban degrading and dehumanizing pornography was related to the mobilization of a feminist and conservative political alliance. A similar movement in the United States, where the civil liberty tradition is stronger, failed to influence the courts.” (1)


Notes and References

  • Information about Pornography in the Encarta Online Encyclopedia
  • Guide to Pornography

    Pornography Effects of Pornography

    Introduction to Pornography

    The question of how pornography affects human behaviors and attitudes has been a considerable source of controversy and public concern. Opponents of pornography believe it encourages immorality, sexual violence, and negative attitudes toward women, while defenders see pornography for adults as a harmless diversion that may serve to relieve sexual tensions.

    Because violent pornography is generally considered more harmful than nonviolent material, the prevalence of violent pornography has become a central issue in considering the overall effects of pornography. However, the findings are inconclusive and sometimes contradictory. Some investigators claim that up to 10 percent of all pornography depicts sexual violence, whereas others maintain that the proportion is as low as 1 percent.

    The 1986 U.S. Attorney General’s Commission on Pornography concluded that violent pornography “bears a causal relationship to antisocial acts of sexual violence” and that degrading pornography “bears some causal relationship” to violence, sexual aggression, and negative attitudes, such as the myth that women enjoy being raped. Research conducted on subjects (usually male college students) in carefully controlled laboratory settings has provided some support for this assessment of violent pornography, but less support for the commission’s conclusions about nonviolent degrading pornography. To isolate the influence of different factors, experimenters typically expose groups of men to one of four types of films: violent and sexually explicit, violent but not sexually explicit, sexually explicit but not violent, and neither sexually explicit nor violent. After exposure to the films, experimenters often measure subjects’ aggression by testing their willingness to administer simulated shocks to a female colleague of the researchers.

    Studies indicate that men who viewed films that were both violent and sexually explicit recorded the highest levels of aggression, followed by those who viewed sexually explicit but nonviolent films. Men record the highest levels of aggression after viewing pornography that portrays women as being sexually aroused by the violence perpetrated against them. According to American researchers Edward Donnerstein, Daniel Lenz, and Steven Penrod, “It is this unique feature of violent pornography-the presentation of the idea that women find sexual violence arousing-that plays an important role in producing violent pornography’s effects.” However, studies have found little correlation between purely erotic nonviolent films and violence or aggression against women.

    Although research provides some support for the view that violent pornography is harmful, critics advise caution about these findings for several reasons. First, the evidence shows only correlation between two factors and does not prove that one causes the other. Second, laboratory experiments are done in artificial settings and do not necessarily reflect behavior in the real world. Subjects who behave aggressively in the laboratory do not expect negative consequences as they might in the real world, and subjects might perceive that experimenters condone or even encourage aggression. Also, subjects might not believe that they are inflicting real harm. Third, some studies have demonstrated that the effects of violent pornography usually wear off once subjects leave the lab, suggesting a transient effect. Finally, no studies have measured the long-term effects of exposure to pornography. These long-term studies are necessary before researchers can adequately assess the effects of pornography.

    In summary, some evidence exists that exposure to violent pornography, and perhaps also to degrading pornography, causes violence and aggression against women. However, the evidence is inconclusive, and other studies have found no such effects.” (1)


    Notes and References

  • Information about Pornography in the Encarta Online Encyclopedia
  • Guide to Pornography

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