International Organizations

Table of Contents in the Asian Legal Encyclopedia

International Organizations in Asia


An International Organization can be defined, following the International Law Commission, as an “organization established by a treaty or other instrument governed by international law and possessing its own international legal personality.”

List of international organizations included that are intergovernmental organizations:

•African Development Bank

•African Union (AU)

•Andean Community

•Arctic Council

•Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme

•Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

•Asian and Pacific Coconut Community

•Asian Development Bank

•Asian Productivity Organization

•Asociacion Latinoamericana de Integration

•Association of Southeast Asian Nations

•Helsinki Commission – Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission

•Bank for International Settlements

•CAB International

•Caribbean Community and Common Market

•Caribbean Export Development Agency

•Central American Bank for Economic Integration

•Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO)

•Centre on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific

•Chemical Weapons Convention. See OPCW

•North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation

•Commission for Labor Cooperation

•Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR)

•Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

•The Commonwealth

•Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

•Community of Portuguese Speaking Nations (CPLP)

•Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO)

•Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research

•Consultative Group to Assist the Poorest

•Convention on Biological Diversity

•Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora Secretariat

•Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

•Council of the Baltic States

•Council of Europe â—¦Directorate General I – Legal Affairs – Treaty Office

•European Bank for Reconstruction and Development

•European Court of Human Rights ◦HUDOC (Database of the case-law of the supervisory organs of the European Convention on Human Rights)

•European Free Trade Association

•European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)

•European Central Bank (ECB)

•European Patent Office

•EUTELSAT [European Telecommunications Satellite Organization]

•Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering

•Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

•Organisation Internationale de La Francophonie

•Forum Fisheries Agency (of the South Pacific Forum) (FFA)

•Free Trade Area of the Americas

•G8 (Group of 8) Information Centre

•G20 (Group of 20)

•G77 (Group of 77)

•General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM)

•Global Environment Facility Secretariat

•Gulf Cooperation Council

•Helsinki Commission: see Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission

•International Pacific Halibut Commission (IPHC)

•Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC)

•Inter-American Development Bank (IADB) ◦Statistics and Quantitative Analysis Unit

•Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC)

•Inter-Governmental Consultations on Asylum, Refugee and Migration Policies in Europe, North America and Australia

•Inter-governmental Authority on Development

•International Atomic Energy Agency

•International Baltic Sea Fishery Commission (IBSFC) (ceased)

•International Bureau of Education

•International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM)

•International Civil Aviation Organization

•International Coffee Organization

•International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT)

•International Copper Study Group (ICSG)

•International Council for the Exploration of the Sea

•International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)

•International Development Association

•International Finance Corporation ◦Publications

•International Fund for Agricultural Development

•International Hydrographic Organization

•International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)

•International Labour Organization (ILO)

•International Maritime Organisation

•International Monetary Fund (IMF) â—¦IMF Finances – Financial Data

•International Organization for Migration (IOM)

•International Pacific Halibut Commission (IPHC)

•International Rubber Study Group ◦Rubber Statistics

•International Seabed Authority

•International Telecommunication Union

•International Trade Centre

•International Whaling Commission ◦Publications

•Inter-Parliamentary Union ◦PARLINE Database [parliamentary, electoral system, and election results database]

•INTERPOL See International Criminal Police Organization

•Islamic Development Bank Group

•Latin Union

•League of Arab States

•Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency

•Nordic Council and Council of Ministers

•North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation. See Commission for Labor Cooperation

•North American Development Bank

•North American Free Trade Agreement Secretariat (NAFTA)

•Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)

•North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization (NASCO)

•North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) ◦Online Library

•North-East Atlantic Fisheries Commission (NEAFC)

•North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission (NPAFC)

•North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES)

•The Northern Forum

•Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization NAFO

•Nuclear Energy Agency

•Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie

•Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

•Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (The Chemical Weapons Convention Website)

•Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)

•Organization of American States (OAS)

•Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC)

•Organization of the Islamic Conference

•Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

•OSPAR Commission for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic

•Paris Club

•Parlamento Amazónico

•Pacific Islands Forum

•Pacific Salmon Commission

•Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO)

•Permanent Commission for the South Pacific (CPPS)

•Secretariat of the Pacific Community

•South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation

•South Centre (An Intergovernmental Organization of Developing Countries)

•South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission

•Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization

•UNIDROIT See International Institute for the Unification of Private Law

•Universal Postal Union

•Western European Union

•The World Bank Group ◦Data and Maps

•World Conservation Union (IUCN)

•World Customs Organization

•World Food Programme

•World Health Organization (WHO)

•World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

•World Meteorological Organization

•World Trade Organization (WTO) ◦Download material

•World Tourism Organization (WTO)

Other classification of international organizations:

Global institutions

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

OECD members list

United Nations

International financial institutions

Bank for International Settlements (BIS)

European Central Bank (ECB)

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)

Institute of International Finance

Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

IMF Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board

World Bank

Commodity cartels

Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

International Primary Aluminium Institute (IPAI)

World trade

International Standardisation Organisation (ISO)

International Trade Centre

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

World Customs Organisation (WCO)

World Trade Organisation (WTO)

WTO members list – WTO observers list

Sustainable economic development

Latest news on sustainable development

Global Futures Foundation

Group of 77

International Development Research Centre

International Institute for Environment and Development

International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)

Natural Capitalism

Resources for the Future

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Food security

Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)

The Hunger Site

Institute for Agriculture and Food Policy


World Food Programme

World Hunger Year

Human rights

Human rights news on this site

Amnesty International


Ethical Trade Initiative (ETI)

European Court of Human Rights

International Labour Organisation (ILO)

US government reports on Human Rights

International Court of Justice

Minority Rights Group

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights

Universal Declaration of Human Rights in several languages

The environment

Latest news on the environment

Environmental Treaties and Resource Indicators

Friends of the Earth International

Global Environment Facility

The Rainforest Site

Trade and Environment Database

United Nations Environment Programme

World Meterological Organisation (WMO)

World Wildlife Fund (WWF)

Regional organisations

Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation (APEC)

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)

European Union (EU)

North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

Organization of American States (OAS)

Organization of African Unity/African Economic Community (OAU/AEC)


Reference works

•Klabbers, Research handbook on the law of international organisations, 2011

•Klabbers, An Introduction to International Institutional Law, 2009

•Schermers & Blokker, International institutional law : unity within diversity, 2003


•DIMITROV, Th. D., Documents of International Organisations : a Bibliographic Handbook covering the United Nations and other Intergovernmental Organisations, Unifo, 1975

•HAAS, M., International Organization : an Interdisciplinary Bibliography, Hoover Institution Press, 1971

Periodicals and Serial Publications

•Code des organisations internationales

•International Organization

•International Organizations Law Review

•Yearbook of International Organizations


•BOWETT, D.W., Bowett’s Law of International Institutions, 6th ed., London : Sweet & Maxwell, 2009

•KLABBERS, J., An Introduction to International Institutional Law, 2nd ed., Cambridge etc. : Cambridge University Press, 2009

•KLABBERS, J.A.M. and Å. WALLENDAHL, Research Handbook on the Law of International Organisations, Cheltenham etc. : Edward Elgar, 2011

•PASTOR RIDRUEJO, J.A., Curso de derecho internacional público y organizaciones internacionales, Madrid : Tecnos, 2009

•REINALDA, B., Routledge History of International Organizations : from 1815 to the Present Day, London etc. : Routledge, 2009

•RUFFERT, M. and Ch. WALTER, Institutionalisiertes Völkerrecht : das Recht der Internationalen Organisationen und seine wichtigsten Anwendungsfelder : ein Studienbuch, München : Beck, 2009

•SCHECHTER, M.G., Historical Dictionary of International Organizations, Lanham etc. : The Scarecrow Press Inc., 2010

•SCHERMERS, H. and N. BLOKKER, International Institutional Law : Unity within Diversity, Boston : Nijhoff, 2003


•ALVAREZ, J., International Organizations : Then and Now, in: Globalization and International Organizations, Burlington, VT : Ashgate, 2011, pp. 3-26

•BLOKKER, N., International Organisations as Independent Actors : Sweet Memory or Functionally Necessary?, in: Accountability for Human Rights Violations by International Organisations, Antwerp etc. : Intersentia, 2010, pp. 37-50

•HAFNER, G., Is the Topic of Responsibility of International Organizations Ripe for Codification? : Some Critical Remarks, in: From Bilateralism to Community Interest : Essays in Honour of Judge Bruno Simma, Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2011, pp. 695-717

•KEOHANE. R., The Promise of Institutionalist Theory, in: Theories of International Relations, Farnham etc. : Ashgate, 2008, pp. 425-437

•MEARSHEIMER, J., The False Promise of International Institutions, in: International Organization, Farnham etc. : Ashgate, 2009, pp.237-281

•TOMUSCHAT, C., International Organizations as Third Parties under the Law of International Treaties, in: The Law of Treaties beyond the Vienna Convention, Oxford etc. : Oxford University Press, 2011, pp. 206-224

Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, International Organizations or Institutions, General Aspects, by Kirsten Schmalenbach


•HAJNAL, P.I. (ed.), International Information : Documents, Publications, and Electronic Information of International Governmental Organizations, 2nd ed., Englewood, CO : Libraries Unlimited, 1997-2001, 2 vols.

•KAPTEYN, P.J.G. (ed.), International Organization and Integration : Annotated Basic Documents and Descriptive Directory of International Organizations and Arrangements, 2nd ed., The Hague etc. : Nijhoff, 1981-1997, 5 vols.

•RIBEIRO, de ALMEIDA, M., Textos de direito internacional público : organizações internacionais, 2a ed., Lisboa : Universidade de Técnica de Lisboa, Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Políticas, 2003

•SOHN, L.B. (ed.), International Organization and Integration : Annotated Basic Documents of International Organizations and Arrangements, Dordrecht etc. : Nijhoff, 1986



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References and Further Reading

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Author: International

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