Countries

Countries and Legal Systems in Asia

Asian Legal Systems

Asian Countries

Sovereign States and Dependent Territories in Asia

List of the English short and formal names, with Domestic short and formal names and Capitals

  • Afghanistan Dari: جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان — افغانستان (Afghānestān — Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Afghānestān) Kabul Pashto: د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت — افغانستانت‎ (Afghān̄istān — Afghānistān Islāmī Jumhūrīyat) Dari: کابل (Kābul) Pashto: کابل‎ (Kābul) Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
  • Armenia Armenian: Հայաստան — Հայաստանի Հանրապետությու (Hayastan — Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun) Yerevan Armenian: Երևան (Yerevan) Republic of Armenia
  • Azerbaijan[a][b] Azerbaijani: Azǝrbaycan — Azǝrbaycan Respublikası Baku Azerbaijani: Bakı Republic of Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain Arabic: مملكة البحرين — البحرين‎ (Al Baḩrayn — Mamlakat al Baḩrayn) Manama Arabic: المنامة‎ (Al Manāmah) Kingdom of Bahrain
  • Bangladesh Bengali: বাংলােদ — গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ (Bāṁlādesh — Gaṇaprajātantrī Bāṁlādesh) Dhaka Bengali: ঢাকা (Ḍhākā) People’s Republic of Bangladesh
  • Bhutan Dzongkha: འྲག་ཡ ఉ ལ — འྲག་གྷལ་ཁ (Druk Yul — Druk Gyalkhapb) Thimphu Dzongkha: ཐིམ་ཕུ (Thimphu) Kingdom of Bhutan
  • Brunei English: Brunei Darussalam Bandar Seri Begawan Malay: Brunei — Negara Brunei Darussalam English: Bandar Seri Begawan Brunei Darussalam Malay: Bandar Seri Begawan
  • Cambodia Khmer: កមុពា — រពះាាាចរក កមុពា (Kâmpŭchéa — Preăhréachéanachâkr Kâmpŭchéa) Phnom Penh Khmer: ភ្នំពេញ (Phnum Pénh) Kingdom of Cambodia
  • China[b] Chinese: 中国 — 中华人民共和国 (Zhongguo — Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo) Beijing Chinese: 北京 (Beijing) People’s Republic of China
  • Cyprus[b] Greek: Κύπρος — Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία (Kýpros — Kypriakí Dimokratí) Nicosia Turkish: Kıbrıs — Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti Greek: Λευκωσία (Lefkosia) Turkish: Lefkoşa Republic of Cyprus
  • Georgia[a][b] Georgian: საქართველო (Sak’art’velo) Tbilisi / T’bilisi Georgian: თბილისი (T’bilisi)
  • India English: India — Republic of India New Delhi Hindi: भारत — भारत गणरा᭔य (Bhārat — Bhāratīya Gaṇarājya) English: New Delhi Hindi: नई दिल्ली (Naī Dillī) Republic of India
  • Indonesia[a] Indonesian: Indonesia — Republik Indonesia Jakarta. Indonesian: Jakarta. Republic of Indonesia
  • Iran جمهوری اسلامی ایران (Īrān — Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Īrān) Tehran. Persian: تهران‎ (Tehrān). Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Iraq Arabic: العراق — جمهورية العراق‎ (Al ‘Irāq — Jumhūrīyat al ‘Irāq) Baghdad. Arabic: بغداد‎ (Baghdād). Republic of Iraq
  • Israel Arabic: إسرائيل — دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل‎ (Isrā’īl — Dawlat Isrā’īl) Jerusalem (Claimed). Hebrew: יִשְרָאֵל — מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל (Yisra’el — Medinat Yisra’el) Hebrew: ירושלים (Yerushalayim). State of Israel
  • Japan Japanese: 日本 — 日本国 (Nihon / Nippon — Nihon-koku / Nippon-koku) Tokyo. Japanese: 東京都 (Tokyo)
  • Jordan Arabic: اﻷرُدن — المملكة الأردنية الهاشميه‎ (Al Urdun — Al Mamlakah al Urdunīyah al Hāshimīyah) Amman. Arabic: عمان‎ (Ammān). Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
  • Kazakhstan[a] Kazakh: Қазақстан — Қазақстан Республикасы (Qazaqstan — Qazaqstan Respūblīkasy) Astana. Russian: Казахстан — Республика Казахстан (Kazahstan — Respublika Kazahstan) Kazakh: Астана. Russian: Астана (Astana). Republic of Kazakhstan
  • Korea, North Korean: 조선 — 조선 민주주의 인민 공화국 (Chosŏn — Chosŏn-minjujuŭi-inmin-konghwaguk) Pyongyang. Korean: 평양 (Phyŏngyang). Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. Korea, South Korean: 한국 — 대한 민국 (Han’guk — Taehan Min’guk) Seoul. Korean: 서울 (Seoul). Republic of Korea
  • Kuwait Arabic: دولة الكويت — اﻟﻜﻮﻳ‎ (Al Kuwayt — Dawlat al Kuwayt) Kuwait City. Arabic: الكويت‎ (Al Kuwayt). State of Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz: Кыргызстан — Кыргыз Республикасы (Kyrgyzstan — Kyrgyz Respublikasy) Bishkek. Russian: Кыргызстан — Кыргызская Республика (Kyrgyzstan — Kyrgyzskaja Respublika) Kyrgyz: Бишкек (Bishkek). Russian: Бишкек (Biškek). Kyrgyz Republic
  • Laos Lao: ສາທາລະນະລດປະຊາທ ັ ປະໄຕປະຊາຊ ິ ນລາວ (Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxôn Lao) Vientiane.Lao: ວຽງຈັນ (Viangchan). Lao People’s Democratic Republic
  • Lebanon Arabic: لبنان — الجمهورية اللبنانية‎ (Lubnān — Al Jumhūrīyah al Lubnānīyah) Beirut. Arabic: بيروت‎ (Bayrūt). Lebanese Republic
  • Malaysia Malay: Malaysia Kuala Lumpur[d]. Malay: Kuala Lumpur
  • Maldives Dhivehi: ދިވެހިރާއްޖެ — ދިވެހިރާއްޖޭގެ ޖުމްހޫރިއްޔާ (Dhivehi Raajje — Dhivehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyyaa) Malé / Male’. Dhivehi: މާލެ (Maale). Republic of Maldives
  • Mongolia Mongolian: Монго — Монгол улс (Mongol — Mongol uls) Ulaanbaatar. Mongolian: Улаанбаатар (Ulaanbaatar).
  • Myanmar Burmese: မြန်မာပြည် — ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်‌ (Myanma — Pyidaungzu Myanma Naingngandaw) Nay Pyi Taw. Burmese: နေပြည်တော် (Nay Pyi Taw). Republic of The Union of Myanmar
  • Nepal Nepali: नपाल — सघीय लोकताि᭠ᮢक गणत᭠ᮢ न ं पाल (Nepāl — Saṁghīya Loktāntrik Ganạ tantra Nepāl) Kathmandu.Nepali: काठमाडौं (Kāṭhmāḍauṁ). Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
  • Oman Arabic: عُمان — سلطنة عُمان‎ (‘Umān — Salţanat ‘Umān) Muscat. Arabic: مسقط‎ (Masqaţ). Sultanate of Oman
  • Pakistan English: Pakistan — Islamic Republic of Pakistan Islamabad. Urdu: پَاکِسْتَان — اسلامی جمہوریہ پاکستان‎ (Pākistān — Jamhūryat Islāmī Pākistān) English: Islamabad. Urdu: اسلام آباد‎ (Islāmābād). Islamic Republic of Pakistan
  • Philippines English: Philippines — Republic of the Philippines Manila.Tagalog: Pilipinas — Republika ng Pilipinas English: Manila. Tagalog: Maynila. Republic of the Philippines
  • Qatar Arabic: قطر — دولة قطر‎ (Qaţar — Dawlat Qaţar) Doha. Arabic: الدوحة‎ (Ad Dawḩah). State of Qatar
  • Russia[a] Russian: Росси́я — Российская Федерация (Rossija — Rossijskaja Federacija) Moscow. Russian: Москва (Moskva). Russian Federation
  • Saudi Arabia Arabic: السعودية — المملكة العربية السعودية‎ (As Su‘ūdīya — Al Mamlakah al ‘Arabīyah as Su‘ūdīyah) Riyadh. Arabic: الرياض‎ (Ar Riyāḑ). Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Singapore Chinese: 新加坡 — 新加坡共和国 Xinjiapo — Xinjiapo Gongheguo Singapore. English: Singapore — Republic of Singapore Chinese: 新加坡 Xinjiapo. Malay: Singapura — Republik Singapura English: Singapore. Tamil: சிங்கப்பூர் — சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு (Chiṅkappūr — Chiṅkappūr Kuṭiyarachu) Malay: Singapura.Republic of Singapore.Tamil: சிங்கப்பூர் (Chiṅkappūr)
  • Sri Lanka Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා — ශ්රී ලංකා ප්රජාතාන්ත්රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය (Shrī Laṁkā — Shrī Laṁkā Prajātāntrika Samājavādī Janarajaya) Colombo.Tamil: இலᾱைக — இலங்கை ஜனநாயக சமத்துவ குடியரசு (Ilaṅkai — Ilaṅkai Jaṉanāyaka Choṣhalichak Kuṭiyarachu) Sinhala: කොළඹ (Kŏḷamba). Tamil: கொழும்ப (Kŏl̮umpu). Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
  • Syria Arabic: ﺔُﺳ ِﻮرَا / ﺳ ِﻮر — جمهورية سوريا العربية‎ (Sūrīyah / Sūriyā — Al Jumhūrīyah al ‘Arabīyah as Sūrīyah) Damascus. Arabic: دمشق‎ (Dimashq). Syrian Arab Republic.
  • Tajikistan Tajik: Тоҷикистон — Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон (Tojikiston — Jumhurii Tojikiston) Dushanbe. Tajik: Душанбе (Dushanbe). Republic of Tajikistan
  • Thailand Thai: ประเทศไทย — ราชอาณาจักรไทย (Prathet Thai — Ratcha Anachak Thai) Bangkok. Thai: กรุงเทพฯ (Krung Thep). Kingdom of Thailand
  • Timor-Leste/East Timor[a] Portuguese: Timor-Leste — República Democrática de Timor-Leste Dili. Tetum: Timor Lorosa’e — Repúblika Demokrátika Timor Lorosa’e Portuguese: Dili. Tetum: Dili. Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
  • Turkey[a] Turkish: Türkiye — Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Ankara. Turkish: Ankara. Republic of Turkey. Turkmenistan Turkmen: Türkmenistan Ashgabat. Turkmen: Aşgabat
  • United Arab Emirates Arabic: اﻹﻣﺎرا — دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة‎ (Al Imārāt — Al Imārāt al ‘Arabīyah al Muttaḩidah) Abu Dhabi. Arabic: أبوظبي‎ (Abu Dhabi).
  • Uzbekistan Uzbek: O‘zbekiston — O‘zbekiston Respublikasi Tashkent. Uzbek: Toshkent. Republic of Uzbekistan
  • Vietnam / Viet Nam Vietnamese: Việt Nam — Cộng Hòa Xã Hội Chủ Nghĩa Việt Nam Hanoi. Vietnamese: Hà Nội. Socialist Republic of Vietnam
  • Yemen Arabic: اليمن — الجمهورية اليمنية‎ (Al Yaman — Al Jumhūrīyah al Yamanīyah) Sana’a. Arabic: صنعاء‎ (Şan‘ā’). Republic of Yemen

Territories:

  • Akrotiri and Dhekelia British overseas territory English: Akrotiri and Dhekelia — Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia. The Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia
  • British Indian Ocean Territory. British overseas territory English: British Indian Ocean Territory
  • Christmas Island Territory of Australia English: Christmas Island — Territory of Christmas Island
  • Cocos (Keeling) Islands Territory of Australia English: Cocos (Keeling) Islands — Territory of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands
  • Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China Chinese: 香港 — 中華人民共和國香港特別行政區.English: Hong Kong — Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China. Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China
  • Macau / Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China Chinese: 澳門 — 中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區. Portuguese: Macau — Região Administrativa Especial de Macau da República Popular da China. Macau Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China/Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China

Leave a Comment